India silk industry targets self-reliant production by 2020

The world's second-largest producer of silk aims to 100 percent domestic production and end importation in three to four years.

March 01, 2017

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The world's second-largest producer of silk aims to 100 percent domestic production and end importation in three to four years.

India's silk manufacturers plan to achieve self-reliant production and halt silk imports by 2020, the South Asia nation's Central Silk Board or CSB revealed recently.

According to the group, the country has adequate supply of high-quality raw silk and is seeing increased production of bivoltine silk, a hybrid variety, which is gaining popularity because of its ability to withstand high temperature and humidity. These are keys to attaining self-sufficiency.

The department is also investing in technological innovation programs for improving cocoon production and the process of converting this into silk yarn that is at par with international standards.

The department is also investing in technological innovation programs for improving cocoon production and the process of converting this into silk yarn that is at par with international standards.

The CSB also noted that the country currently makes nearly 4,000 metric tons of 4A-grade of silk, which is equivalent to the amount of top-grade of silk it imports from China.

China accounts for 80 percent of the global silk output while India contributes 13 percent. The rest comes from other silk-producing nations, including Uzbekistan, Brazil, Japan, South Korea, Thailand and Vietnam.

China, however, focuses manufacturing exclusively on the mulberry kind. India has a more extensive selection, which includes tasar, eri and muga.

According to CSB's data, silk imports have decreased to 3,500 metrics at present from the previous 6,500 metric tons.

Apart from R&D, the group is involved in the maintenance of silkworm seed production networks, commercial silkworm seed production and standardization of quality parameters during production. It also offers technological support and free training to farmers, and subsidies for the procurement of new equipment.



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